Prepositions of Place in English | IN ON AT BY UNDER OVER
In this lesson you will learn the difference between many prepositions of place in English grammar, including IN, ON, AT, BY, UNDER and OVER.
Students commonly make mistakes when using prepositions of place in English, and so we will look at the rules and some common examples of these prepositions in use.
Keep watching to the end of the video for Greg’s interactive quiz!
IN = The object is in an enclosed space (e.g. four walls surround it)
INSIDE = The object is completely enclosed space (e.g. four walls and a ceiling surround it)
ON, ON TOP OF, ABOVE, OVER
ON = One objects is touching the surface of another object
ON TOP OF = The same as ON, but emphasising the top part of something.
ABOVE = objects not touching
OVER = Similar to above (i.e. at a higher level but not touching). However, we normally use OVER together with a verb.
UNDER, UNDERNEATH, BELOW, BENEATH
UNDER = one object is covered by another.
UNDERNEATH = a more formal word for UNDER
BELOW = The opposite of ABOVE. One object is in a lower position than the other.
BENEATH = a more formal word for below.
BY, NEXT TO, BESIDE
BY / NEXT TO = The distance between two objects is small / non-existent
BESIDE = a more formal word for BY
Used for a specific place.
IN FRONT OF, BEHIND
If the pen is in front of the book, the pen is closer to you than the book.
If the pen is behind the book, the pen is further from you than the book.
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