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Second, Third, Mixed Conditionals

(23/10/2018)

Conditionals in English

Second, Third, Mixed Conditionals

Second, Third, Mixed Conditionals

In this lesson with Greg from Online Language Academy you will learn all about the Second, Third and Mixed Conditionals in advanced English grammar.

For these commonly misused grammatical constructions, we will look at:

  • When to use the 2nd, 3rd and mixed conditionals
  • How to form the conditionals
  • Examples of each conditional 

Advanced English Grammar Lesson: Second, Third, Mixed Conditionals

Second Conditional in English

🤔When do we use it?

We use the second conditional to talk about unreal, impossible or imaginary situations.
 

🤔How do we form it?

The structure of the second conditional has two parts: the conditional and the result. We can use these two parts in any order (Condition –> Result, or Result –> Condition)
 

Condition: IF + PAST SIMPLE

Result: WOULD + INFINITIVE

 

Examples of the Second Conditional

  • If I won the lottery, I would visit my friend in Australia.
     
  • If I were a giraffe, I would have a very long neck.
     
  • What would you do if you had more money?
     
  • If I spoke English more frequently, I would be more fluent.
     
  • I'd feel better if I didn't have a cold. 
     
  • I'd go to the beach if it wasn't raining.
     
  • If I were you, I'd take the job!

Third Conditional in English

🤔When do we use it?

We use the third conditional to talk about something that did not happen in the past.
 

🤔How do we form it?

The structure of the third conditional has two parts: the conditional and the result. We can use these two parts in any order (Condition –> Result, or Result –> Condition)


Condition: IF + PAST PERFECT

Result: WOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
 


Examples of the Third Conditional

  • If I had been tall as a child, I would have played basketball.
     
  • If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam.
     
  • I would have gone to the beach yesterday if it hadn't rained.
     
  • If I had seen her, I would have said hello.
     
  • What would you have done if it had rained at the weekend?
     
  • I would have been angry if we had lost the game.
     
  • She would have come to class if she hadn't been busy.

Mixed Conditionals in English

🤔When do we use it?

We use the mixed conditional to talk about the probable result in the present of something that did not happen in the past.
 

🤔How do we form it?

The structure of the mixed conditional has two parts: the same condition of the third conditional and the same result of the second conditional. We can use these two parts in any order (Condition –> Result, or Result –> Condition)
 

Condition: IF + PAST PERFECT

Result: WOULD + INFINITIVE

 

Examples of the Mixed Conditional

Let’s look at some of the same examples we used with the third conditional, and talk about their possible results in the present:

  • If I had been tall as a child, I would be better at basketball now.
     
  • If I had studied harder,  I would have a degree now.
     
  • If I had gone to the beach yesterday, I would be tanned.
     
  • If I had seen her, I would be happy.
     
  • If we had lost the game, we wouldn't be top of the league.
     
  • If he had got the job, he would be living in America now.

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